Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th generations, and the British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian period. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking More of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many materials. Chiefly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments such as nightgowns, within the US, they've got often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of short dress top more than shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might these days consult with Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they became well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.